Outside Underarm Turn (in place)

The lady's hand does not
cross her face but goes
to her side, so this is
an "outside turn"

She has turned and is
still stepping the polka

...returns to closed position

DT: Monique, what is the lead here? How do you know to turn to your right?

Monique: The man will raise the hand and push... push clockwise on the outside right turn.

DT: Does the leader help you turn or is the raising of the hand a convention for a turn, like a non-verbal “turn”?

Monique: Both, when the hand goes up I turn, and the leader should help with the turn. It is always easier, and always clearer and always more fun when the man is leading.

DT: But he would be leading in either instance, wouldn’t he? If he just raises the hand, he is leading, no?

Monique: By leading I mean raising the arm, and gently pushing the lady’s hand over her head and catching her at the end. That’s when he is taking care of the lady from beginning to end. Some people will do the first part and not the second part and third part. Everybody’s different.

Morley: If the lady does not get the message [to turn], the leader can give her a nudge with the right hand.

DT: A push in the back?

Morley I would call it a nudge.

DT: Morley, explain the difference between an outside turn and an inside turn.

Morley: On the inside turn, her hand crosses her face at the beginning of the turn, before she has turned. It is whether you bring the hand across. So on the inside turn you bring her hand in front of her face almost immediately to lead the turn. On the outside turn, the lady’s hand does not cross her face before the turn.

DT: And there are inside and outside turns on both sides, on turns to the right and left?

Morley: Yes.

DT: On a right (clockwise) turn for instance, that could be either an outside turn or an inside turn depending on which of her hands is held by the leader.

Morley: Yes. If the leader has her right hand on a right turn, her hand doesn’t cross her face until after she turns on outside turn. If he has her left hand on the same turn, it’s an inside turn because his hand crosses her face at the beginning of the turn.

DT: For the purposes of definition, does it matter which of his hands the gentleman uses to turn the lady?

Morley: No, the reference is the lady’s hand -- not the man's hand -- for calling a turn inside or outside. The gentleman could use either of his hands and it would not change whether HER hand crosses her face at the beginning or end of the turn. What would matter would be which direction he was leading her to turn and which of her hands he was holding.

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